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What is mir

What is mir

Over the next decade additional modules were sent aloft on separate launch vehicles and attached to the core unit, creating a large habitat that served as a versatile space laboratory for more than 14 years.

what is mir

Its core module resembled its simpler predecessors in the Salyut series but had additional docking ports a total of six that accommodated not only a succession of crewed spacecraft and cargo ferries but also permanently attached expansion modules equipped for scientific research.

It had the form of a stepped cylinder about 13 metres 43 feet long and 4. The module had a docking port at each end and four ports sited radially at its forward end. On March 13,cosmonauts Leonid Kizim and Vladimir Solovyov were sent aloft aboard a Soyuz T spacecraft to rendezvous with Mir and become its first occupants.

Between March and Aprilfive expansion modules were added to the core unit— Kvant 1an astrophysics observatory; Kvant 2containing supplementary life-support equipment and a large airlock; Kristalla materials-sciences laboratory; and Spektr and Prirodatwo science modules containing remote-sensing instruments for ecological and environmental studies of Earth.

Mir supported human habitation from March 14,to June 15,which included an uninterrupted stretch of occupancy of almost 10 years. It hosted more than people from 12 countries, including a series of U. Between January and MarchMir cosmonaut-physician Valery Polyakov set an endurance record of continuous days in space, longer than the approximately nine months estimated for a crewed voyage to the planet Mars.

Designed for only a five-year life, the aging Mir suffered a series of equipment failures and accidents in —97 but remained in service. On March 23,the abandoned Mir made a controlled reentry, with the surviving pieces falling into the Pacific Ocean. See also Energia.

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Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Mir Soviet-Russian space station. Written By: David M.

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See Article History. Read More on This Topic. Soviet officials decided to scrap the jinxed Salyut 7 and advance to the next phase, which was to assemble a large modular complex in orbit.

what is mir

Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Aleksandr Laveykin; Yury Romanenko Feb. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. At its core would be a base block derived from the Salyut design, which would be outfitted as the….

Additional modules carrying scientific equipment and expanding the living space were attached to Mir in subsequent years.Myrrh mixed with wine was common across ancient cultures, for general pleasure and as an analgesic.

When a wound on a tree penetrates through the bark and into the sapwoodthe tree secretes a resin. Myrrh gum, like frankincenseis such a resin. Myrrh is harvested by repeatedly wounding the trees to bleed the gum, which is waxy and coagulates quickly. After the harvest, the gum becomes hard and glossy. The gum is yellowish and may be either clear or opaque. It darkens deeply as it ages, and white streaks emerge. Myrrh gum is commonly harvested from the species Commiphora myrrha.

Another commonly used name, Commiphora molmol[4] is now considered a synonym of Commiphora myrrha. Meetiga, the trade-name of Arabian Myrrh, is more brittle and gummy than the Somali variety and does not have the latter's white markings. The oleo gum resins of a number of other Commiphora species are also used as perfumes, medicines such as aromatic wound dressingsand incense ingredients. These myrrh-like resins are known as opopanaxbalsambdelliumguggul bisaboland Indian myrrh.

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Fragrant "myrrh beads" are made from the crushed seeds of Detarium microcarpuman unrelated West African tree. These beads are traditionally worn by married women in Mali as multiple strands around the hips. The name "myrrh" is also applied to the potherb Myrrhis odorataotherwise known as " cicely " or "sweet cicely". Liquid myrrh, or stactewritten about by Pliny[6] was an ingredient of Jewish holy incense, and was formerly greatly valued but cannot now be identified in today's markets.

In pharmacymyrrh is used as an antiseptic in mouthwashes, gargles, and toothpastes. Myrrh has been used as an analgesic for toothaches and can be used in liniment for bruises, aches, and sprains. Myrrh is a common ingredient of tooth powders. Myrrh and borax in tincture can be used as a mouthwash. A compound tincture, or horse tincture, using myrrh is used in veterinary practice for healing wounds.

Myrrh gum is commonly claimed to remedy indigestion, ulcers, colds, cough, asthma, lung congestion, arthritis pain, and cancer. In traditional Chinese medicinemyrrh is classified as bitter and spicy, with a neutral temperature. It is said to have special efficacy on the heart, liver, and spleen meridians as well as "blood-moving" powers to purge stagnant blood from the uterus. It is therefore recommended for rheumaticarthriticand circulatory problems, and for amenorrheadysmenorrheamenopauseand uterine tumours.

Myrrh's uses are similar to those of frankincensewith which it is often combined in decoctionslinimentsand incense. When used in concert, myrrh is "blood-moving" while frankincense moves the qimaking it more useful for arthritic conditions. It is combined with such herbs as notoginsengsafflower petals, angelica sinensiscinnamonand salvia miltiorrhizausually in alcohol, and used both internally and externally.

Myrrh is used in Ayurveda and Unani medicine, which ascribe tonic and rejuvenative properties to the resin. It daindhava is used in many specially processed rasayana formulas in Ayurveda.

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However, non- rasayana myrrh is contraindicated when kidney dysfunction or stomach pain is apparent or for women who are pregnant or have excessive uterine bleeding.

A related species, called guggul in Ayurvedic medicine, is considered one of the best substances for the treatment of circulatory problems, nervous system disorders, and rheumatic complaints.

The 5th dynasty ruler of Egypt King Sahure recorded the earliest attested expedition to the land of Puntmodern day Horn of Africa particularly Somalia which brought back large quantities of myrrh, frankincensemalachite and electrum. Other products that were also brought back included wild animals, particularly cheetahsthe secretary bird Sagittarius serpentariusgiraffes and Hamadryas baboons which was sacred to the Ancient Egyptiansebonyivory and animal skins.

Sahure is shown celebrating the success of this venture in a relief from his mortuary temple which shows him tending a myrrh tree in the garden of his palace named " Sahure's splendor soars up to heaven ". This relief is the only one in Egyptian art depicting a king gardening. Myrrh is mentioned as a rare perfume in several places in the Hebrew Bible. In Genesisthe Ishmaelite traders to whom Jacob 's sons sold their brother Joseph had " camels Myrrh was an ingredient of Ketoret : the consecrated incense used in the First and Second Temples at Jerusalemas described in the Hebrew Bible and Talmud.On Jan.

Attaullha says he rode back to Mir Ali in a car packed with about 10 other people, including escapees. The officer cut off contact with Headley when Mirthe lead plotter, backed away from the operation in Marchdocuments say.

Mir 's voice was caught on wiretaps overseeing the three-day slaughter in Mumbai by phone. We negotiated with Mir Jaffier for the viceroyal throne of his master. To the girl's manifest relief there was no more firing, and Mir Jan announced that a number of sailors were actually on shore.

what is mir

Mir ist das Wort fast in grosser Geschwindigkeit eingefallen. Mir Jan took it without a word, and Jenks felt that the incident atoned for previous unworthy doubts of his dark friend's honesty. Take this quiz on the Words of the Day from April 6—12 to find out! Words nearby mir mipmiphibosethmipsmiqueletmiquelonmirmir. Middle Irish.

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Example sentences from the Web for mir On Jan. The Next U. The Wings of the Morning Louis Tracy. Merle D'Aubign. Word Origin for mir literally: world. Word Origin for Mir C Russian: peace. Test Your Word IQ! Play Now.Mirin Russian history, a self-governing community of peasant households that elected its own officials and controlled local forests, fisheries, hunting grounds, and vacant lands. After serfdom was abolishedthe mir was retained as a system of communal land tenure and an organ of local administration.

It was economically inefficient; but the central government, having made members of the commune collectively responsible for the payment of state taxes and the fulfillment of local obligations, favoured it.

Despite the efforts of Prime Minister Pyotr A. Stolypinwho initiated a series of agricultural reforms encouraging peasants to assume private ownership, the peasantry universally reverted to communal landholding after the Revolution.

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Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.

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Mir Russian community. See Article History. Alternative Titles: commune, obshchiny, peasant commune. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. But he had economic aims in mind as well. He aimed to….

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In doing so, it tended to hamper enterprising farmers and protect the incompetent. In defense of the commune it was argued…. The communal organization, composed of heads of households, exercised great control over members.

Communal peasants did not own their land but merely cultivated it…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About. Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine - Obshchina.MIR Abbreviation for: masseter inhibitory reflex massive intestinal resection minimum infection rate multiple inversion recovery multiple isomorphous replacement see there.

Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? Mir appreciated the world's cricket governing body for providing an opportunity for current players to contribute to this category of cricket. ICC include Sana Mir in their women's committee. History in shambles. Founded inMiR opened its first international office in New York inwith Mullen helping to educate US companies on the benefits of AMRs over legacy automated guided vehicles AGVswhich require expensive and inflexible installation of sensors or magnets into factor floors for guidance.

Amir Liaquat changes mind about Mir Shakil? Sberbank's premium MIR debit cards launched. In order to further validate the results of the differentially expressed miRs identified by the high-throughput miR sequencing method between the tumoral and peritumoral tissues, the stem-loop qRT-PCR method using a mirVana miRNA Detection Kit and gene-specific primers Ambion was introduced to quantify the expression levels of the miRs in vivo on the remaining 6 GC patients as well as in vitro on the cell lines indicated above [20].

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In differentiating osteoblasts, the luciferase reporter assay showed that IL appeared to reduce TNF expression compared to control transfected with a nontargeting miRNA control miR ctrl but without a significant impact on ILa, perhaps due to a relatively low induction of the ILa transcriptional regulator Stat3, also observed in this assay Figure 4 a.

Many experimental and clinical studies reveal that the expression of miR is highly altered in various cardiovascular problems and their alterations are linked with modulation of activity and expression of key components of cardiomyocyte growth, survival, and death.

Medical browser? Full browser?To save this word, you'll need to log in. Send us feedback. Accessed 16 Apr. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. What does capricious mean? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Or is it 'inessential'? Or 'unessential'? For Whom the Grammar Rules When is 'whom' the right choice? And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Come look at pictures of baby animals.

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what is mir

Login or Register. Save Word. Log In. Definition of mir. First Known Use of mirin the meaning defined above. History and Etymology for mir Russian. Keep scrolling for more.

Learn More about mir. Time Traveler for mir The first known use of mir was in See more words from the same year. Statistics for mir Look-up Popularity. Comments on mir What made you want to look up mir? Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary. Love words? Need even more definitions? The awkward case of 'his or her'.

Take the quiz Spell It Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Take the quiz Dictionary Devil The dictionary has been scrambled—can you put it back together? Play the game.Suggest new definition. References in periodicals archive? Miron the occasion, thanked the ICC for believing in her and ging her a chance to work for the betterment of women's cricket in the world.

ICC include Sana Mir in their women's committee. It is pertinent to mention here that Zahid Mir has been served as managing director OGDCL and facing billions of rupees corruptions charges.

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Board of Directors appreciated the contribution made by Zahid Mir in implementing a long term sustainability framework for the company besides achieving strict financial controls and discipline.

Mir Mubarak Khan, after whom this necropolis is named, was a general of Mian Noor Muhammad Kalhorowho bestowed upon him a fiefdom jagir near the present necropolis. History in shambles. Amir, during his days at Bol News hadgone on regular tiradesagainst Mir Shakil and his channel,accusing him of being a traitor among other things.

However, in the picture which is making rounds on the internet, he is reportedly seeking forgiveness', going as far as using pleading gestures to appease Mir Shakil. Amir Liaquat changes mind about Mir Shakil? Political leaders meet Bilawal. To facilitate the identification of an epithelial-focused functional miR network involved in altered epithelial barriers and cell junctions, we expressed each of our previously discussed MetS-FL miR trio hsa-miR, hsa-miRb, and hsa-miR in cultured epithelial cells [13, 25].

Sberbank's premium MIR debit cards launched. In order to identify the differentially expressed miRs between the tumoral and the peritumoral samples, we first constructed miR sequencing library on 6 participants 3 females and 3 males, aged 52 to 71 years old with gastric tumors and matched peritumoral tissues and then screened the differentially expressed miRs between them.

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